Discover the Whys and Hows of Filing Income Tax Returns

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Discover the Whys and Hows of Filing Income Tax Returns
  • By Divya Singhal
  • 23rd January, 2024
  • Finance

In India, citizens with a gross income surpassing ₹2,50,000 must file Income Tax Returns (ITR). Explore the benefits, even if income is below the exemption limit, and understand the significance of timely filing.

Understanding Income Tax Returns:

ITR, a form for declaring income and assets to the Indian IT department, offers a snapshot of financial transactions. It serves as self-declaration for earnings, assets, claimed refunds, and taxes paid, accessible electronically or manually for seniors.

Who Should File:

While not obligatory for everyone, filing becomes mandatory if income exceeds ₹2.5 Lakhs/₹3 Lakhs/₹5 Lakhs or if you have foreign assets, substantial electricity bills, large bank deposits, high overseas travel expenses, or are a responsible taxpayer.

Benefits of Timely Filing:

Avoiding Penalties:

  • File ITR on time to dodge penalties, saving up to INR 5,000. Late filing may also incur additional interest, impacting refunds and potentially affecting your financial standing.

Accidental Claim Support:

  • ITRs act as vital proof for insurance claims, ensuring maximum compensation. Missing returns, especially from the last three years, can diminish or deny accident-related claims.

Proof of Net Worth:

  • ITR serves as credible proof for net worth and income, beneficial for obtaining loans, insurance, property purchases, and other financial dealings.

Facilitating Refunds:

  • Filing ITR is crucial for claiming TDS refunds and optimizing tax savings on investments. Even with a gross income exceeding thresholds, strategic filing can lead to tax refunds.

Loan Application Approval:

  • Regular ITR filing showcases consistent income, crucial for loan approvals. Financial institutions scrutinize previous-year ITRs for credit cards, overdrafts, and other credit lines.

Carrying Forward Losses:

  • File on time to carry forward losses, crucial for offsetting profits from capital assets or business losses in subsequent years.

Black Money Protection:

  • Timely filing aids in combating black money concerns. Disclosing foreign assets in ITR ensures compliance with government regulations, preventing scrutiny for undisclosed income.

Startup Funding Assurance:

  • Financial institutions demand previous-year ITRs for startup funding, evaluating scalability, profitability, and fiscal responsibility.

Government Tenders Access:

  • Contractors need timely, accurate, and audited ITRs for securing government tenders, safeguarding their business reputation.

High-Cover Insurance Acquisition:

  • ITR receipts become essential for acquiring high-cover life insurance policies, determining coverage based on income.

Contributing to National Growth:

  • Filing tax returns contributes to national development, providing the government with essential revenue for infrastructure improvements.

Credit Card and Visa Processing:

  • ITR serves as a vital document for credit card applications and is often required for visa processing, showcasing financial stability.


Filing income tax returns goes beyond compliance; it empowers individuals and enhances the nation’s economic growth. From financial opportunities to global travel, the benefits are extensive, making timely filing a responsibility and an advantage.

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