LIC overtakes SBI to become most valued PSU as shares hit ₹900 for first time

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LIC overtakes SBI to become most valued PSU as shares hit ₹900 for first time
  • By Shreya Shrivastava
  • 19th January, 2024
  • Banking
LIC (Life Insurance Corporation of India) Surpasses SBI (State Bank of India) to Emerge as the Most Valued PSU with Shares Reaching ₹900 for the First Time


In a landmark development within the financial sector, the venerable Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) has outstripped the esteemed State Bank of India (SBI) to claim the title of the most valued Public Sector Undertaking (PSU). This significant achievement was realized as LIC’s shares surged to an unprecedented ₹900, marking a watershed moment in the company’s history. This comprehensive analysis explores the factors behind LIC’s remarkable ascent, delving into the economic implications, market dynamics, and the broader implications for the financial landscape.

Historical Context:

To comprehend the magnitude of LIC’s achievement, it is essential to examine the historical context of both LIC and SBI. Established in 1956, LIC has been a cornerstone of India’s financial sector, serving as the country’s largest life insurance provider. Over the years, LIC has demonstrated resilience and adaptability, weathering economic fluctuations and evolving to meet the changing needs of its vast customer base.

On the other hand, the State Bank of India, founded in 1806, stands as the nation’s oldest and largest public sector bank. Renowned for its extensive branch network and diverse financial services, SBI has been a stalwart of the Indian banking system, playing a pivotal role in fostering economic growth.

Recent Developments:

The turning point in the competition between LIC and SBI occurred as LIC’s shares reached ₹900 for the first time. This surge in share value was not merely a numerical milestone; it represented a tangible reflection of investor confidence and market sentiment towards LIC’s performance. The buoyancy in LIC’s shares can be attributed to several factors, ranging from robust financial results to strategic management decisions.

Financial Performance:

a. Profitability: LIC’s ascent to becoming the most valued PSU is anchored in its consistent and impressive financial performance. The company has consistently reported strong profits, reflecting prudent investment strategies and effective risk management. The profitability of LIC has been a key driver in attracting investors and bolstering its market capitalization.

b. Diversified Portfolio: LIC’s diverse portfolio, spanning life insurance, pension plans, and investment products, has contributed to its financial robustness. The company’s ability to offer a wide array of financial services has attracted a broad customer base, further enhancing its market position.

Market Dynamics:

a. Investor Confidence: The surge in LIC’s share value is indicative of the growing confidence among investors in the company’s future prospects. As a government-backed entity, LIC’s stability and reliability have been particularly appealing to risk-averse investors, contributing to the upward trajectory of its shares.

b. Perceived Stability: In an economic environment marked by uncertainties, LIC’s perceived stability as a long-standing financial institution has positioned it as a safe haven for investors. The trust garnered over decades has translated into increased investments and a positive market perception.

Strategic Management:

a. Strategic Investments: LIC’s strategic investment decisions have played a pivotal role in its ascent. The company’s ability to identify lucrative investment opportunities and allocate resources judiciously has bolstered its financial performance and, consequently, its market capitalization.

b. Adaptability: LIC’s ability to adapt to changing market dynamics and consumer preferences has been a crucial factor in its success. The company has embraced digitalization, introduced innovative products, and expanded its distribution channels, ensuring relevance in a rapidly evolving financial landscape.


Economic Significance:

a. Market Confidence: LIC’s emergence as the most valued PSU underscores its significance in the Indian financial market. The achievement is not merely a matter of prestige but also a reflection of the market’s confidence in the company’s ability to navigate economic challenges and deliver sustained growth.

b. Impact on Sector Perception: The ascendancy of LIC over SBI has the potential to influence how the financial sector is perceived. It may trigger a reevaluation of the roles and contributions of different entities within the public sector, prompting policymakers to reassess strategies for fostering a competitive and resilient financial landscape.

Investor Relations:

a. Investor Trust: The surge in LIC’s shares signifies a high level of trust among investors. This trust is not only a result of historical performance but also an acknowledgment of LIC’s adaptability and strategic foresight. As investors seek reliable avenues for wealth creation, LIC’s success may set a precedent for similar institutions.

b. Market Competitiveness: The competition between LIC and SBI reflects broader dynamics within the financial market. It highlights the importance of competitiveness in attracting investments and maintaining a strong market position. The success of LIC may prompt other financial institutions to reassess their strategies and enhance their offerings to remain competitive.

Policy Implications:

a. Government’s Role: As both LIC and SBI are government-owned entities, their performance and market standing have policy implications. The government may be prompted to review its policies related to the financial sector, considering the evolving landscape and the need for agility and innovation.

b. Regulatory Oversight: The regulatory framework governing PSUs may come under scrutiny in light of LIC’s success. Regulators may assess whether the existing framework adequately fosters competition, transparency, and accountability, and consider adjustments to ensure the continued health of the financial sector.

Customer Impact:

a. Product Offerings: The success of LIC may lead to increased scrutiny of its product offerings. As the most valued PSU, there may be heightened expectations from customers regarding the range and quality of products and services. This could drive innovation within the sector, benefitting consumers with more choices and improved offerings.

b. Customer Trust: The sustained success of LIC is likely to strengthen customer trust. Policyholders and investors may view LIC as a reliable and secure institution for their financial needs, further solidifying its market position and customer base.


The news of LIC surpassing SBI to become the most valued PSU with shares reaching ₹900 for the first time marks a significant chapter in India’s financial history. The journey of both institutions, rooted in decades of service, has culminated in LIC’s achievement, reflecting the dynamic nature of the financial sector.

LIC’s success is not an isolated event but rather a culmination of strategic management, financial acumen, and adaptability to changing market dynamics. The implications of this development extend beyond the stock market, influencing investor confidence, economic policies, and the overall perception of the public sector in the financial landscape.

As LIC continues to navigate the complexities of the financial world, its journey serves as a beacon for other institutions within the public sector. The lessons drawn from this success story can inform future strategies, ensuring that financial entities remain resilient, competitive, and responsive to the evolving needs of the market and the broader economy.

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